The Dukes of Argyll

Archibald Campbell, (1658 - 1703)
1st Duke of Argyll (1701 - 1703)

John Campbell (1680 - 1743
"Red John of the Battles"
Led the Government Army
at the Battle of Sheriffmuir, 1715
2d Duke of Argyll (1703 - 1743)

Archibald Campbell (1682 - 1761)
3rd Duke of Argyll (1743 - 1761)
Portrait by Allan Ramsay
A Founder of the Royal Bank of Scotland
(his portrait is on RBS banknotes)

John Campbell (1693 - 1770)
4th Duke of Argyll (1761 - 1779)

John Campbell (1723 - 1806)
5th Duke of Argyll (1770 - 1806)
Portrait by Gainsborough
Served at Battles of Falkirk and Culloden
Married one of the fabulous Gunning Sisters

George William Campbell (1768 - 1839)
Marquess of Lorne (1770 - 1806)
6th Duke of Argyll (1806 - 1839)

John Campbell (1777 - 1847)
Lieutenant Colonel/Commandent of
Argyll Volunteers
and from 1809
Colonel of the Argyll and Bute Militia
7th Duke of Argyll (1839 - 1847)


Not surprisingly, the Court of Lieutenancy lost its temper at times. At the 9 January 1800, it

"urged... taking some vigorous measure for having the persons within the Parish of Kilmaly upon whom the Ballots fall compelled to serve by themselves or Substitutes or pay the penalty imposed for refusal without which it is said ... the whole men in the lists may be successively drawn and declared deserters and hardly a single individual bought out for Service."

... considering that other parts of the County are equally deficient in making up their quota of men, they are of the Opinion that some vigorous measures are absolutely necessary in certain parts of the County for compelling the persons balloted to come forward.

Therefore the Meeting would humbly suggest... the propriety of applying to the Commander in Chief to have partys of the Military from Regiments not connected with the County sent to those parts of the County most backward in furnishing their quota of men there to be Quartered particularly upon the relatives of the persons who have not come foreward, until the men so balloted shall be produced...."

(There is no indication in the notes that this idea was followed, but one has to have some sympathy for the group's frustration!)

By 2 September 1803, the Argyll Meeting had concluded that

...from the number of penalties already paid by persons balloted... there is little prospect of being able to furnish the quota ... from the Inhabitants thereof, Therefore resolve to use their endeavor to provide Substitutes in the Low Country and the Clerk having communicated to the meeting a letter received by him from Mr. George Campbell of Glasgow...(who) signifys his willingness to undertake the trouble of procuring substitutes for this County.... they (the Meeting) leave it to him to offer such bounties as will induce good men to come forward and to exceed the penalty of twenty pounds per man if necessary....

There was another (unspoken) factor: kelp and cattle (and therefore farmers) were extremely valuable to landowners at this time. The Deputy Lieutenants were all landowners.

The war with Napolean was to continue until Waterloo in 1815. Invasion fears from Ireland or France gradually died. The Militia's level of expertise was never as high as that reached by regular troops, but its existence freed the latter for the serious battles outside of the United Kingdom.